A county town of Jeollabukdo, located at 35° 53' north and 127° 14' east, Jeonju City is surrounded in all directions by the seven peaks of the Noryeong ranges, including Girinbong Peak, Mt. Godeok, Mt. Namgo, Mt. Moak, and Wansan.
Built on the alluvial soil of the Jeonju River, most of downtown Jeonju is generally even and gently slopes in a northwesterly direction.
Jeonju River originates from the watershed bordering the Gwanchon plain, 26km southeast of downtown Jeonju, and penetrates the heart of the city from the southeast. The Samcheon River, originating from the borderline between Imsil County, Unam-myeon and Wanju County, Gui-myeon, cuts through farmlands to the west of Jeonju from south to north, eventually joining the Mangyeong River.
The Soyang River, originating from Gomchi, passes through the northeastern border of the city to join the Jeonju River.
History of Jeonju
- Age of Three Hans
- 3rd century: belonged to Mahan
- Age of Three Kingdoms
- AD 685 (5th year of King Sinmun): Named Wansanju
- AD 757 (16th year of King Gyeongdeok): Renamed Jeonju
- AD 892 (6th year of King Jinseong): Declared the capital of Post Baekje
- Goryeo Dynasty
- AD 936: Post Baekje fell
- AD 983 (2nd year of King Seongjong): Establishment of Jeonjumok
- AD 1005 (8th year of King Mokjong): Appointment of Jeonju Jeoldosa (similar to governor)
- Joseon Dynasty
- 1392 (1st year of King Taejo): Named Wansan Yusubu
- 1403 (3rd year of King Taejong): Named Jeonjub
- 1728 (4th year of King Yeongjo): Appointed Jeolla Gwanchalsa (similar to governor)
- 1896 (33rd year of King Gojong): Declared the County Town of Jeollabukdo
- Modern Age
- 1914: Establishment of Jeonju-myeon
- 1931: Jeonju-myeon raised to Jeonju-eup
- 1935: Jeonju-eup raised to Jeonju-bu / Wanju County separated
- 1949: Renamed Jeonju City, according to the enforcement of the Local Autonomy Act
- 1989: Establishment of Wansan-gu and Deokjin-gu